Death by Cigarettes
Has long been known that smoking and lung cancer are causally linked. After having discovered this association though, much has been made of the heightened incidence of other forms of cancer caused by of smoking. I am going to highlight the data that reiterates the claims and suggest that the evidence is not so strong for other forms of cancer being causally linked with smoking. The evidence is analysed from the mortality statistics for the UK in 2002.
- Kidney cancer is another cancer where smokers are seen less frequently than non-smokers in the statistics.
- The next disease we shall look at is the non-cancerous, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD.
- The disease manifests itself mainly in two forms, being emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
- This article will help you since it is a comprehensive study on Bronchitis Emphysema
Death from cancer of the upper respiratory tract was found at a rate of 66% in smokers, nearly three times the percentage of smokers. Note though that women sufferers represented half of their cohort compared with three quarters of men, suggesting upper respiratory cancer is more likely in men than in women smokers. Isn't it wonderful that we can now access information about anything, including Emphysema Chronic Bronchitis form the Internet without the hassle of going through books and magazines for matter!
- Stomach cancer took 1,650 lives in 2002 but is found in 35% of men compared with only 11% of female smokers.
- It is reasonable therefore to draw the same conclusion about the causes as for bladder cancer between men and women.
- The more you read about Emphysema Bronchitis, the more you get to understand the meaning of it.
- So if you read this article and other related articles, you are sure to get the required amount of matter for yourself
- Pancreatic cancer is another cancer that is less prevalent in smokers than the general population.
- Indeed 20% of men and 26% of women dying from the disease in 2002 were smokers, suggesting parity with women and a disparity with men.
- It may be reasonable therefore to assume that there are other contributory factors in male pancreatic cancers.
Deaths from COPD in 2002 in the UK numbered 28,500 of which 84% were smokers demonstrating a clear link between the inhalation of tobacco smoke and the disease as is the case with lung cancer.
Finally, heart disease is the biggest single killer in the UK with over a quarter of a million deaths a year as a result of its various forms. Of all the major forms of heart disease, ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, aortic aneurysm, myocardial degeneration and atherosclerosis, the percentage of smokers suffering from aortic aneuryism was just under 60%. All other forms of heart disease showed near 26% or below. This suggests that smoking may not be the main contributory factor but it almost certainly will have had an impact. When doing an assignment on Bronchitis, it is always better to look up and use matter like the one given here. Your assignment turns out to be more interesting and colorful this way. .
Next, Bladder Cancer Takes Over 1,800 Lives Per Year of Which 37% are Found to be SmokersHowever, only 19% of female cases were smokers compared with 47% of male cases. It is fair to assume that there are other factors more prevalent in female bladder cancer other than smoking but the link is clear in men. Learning about things is what we are living here for now. So try to get to know as much about everything, including Bronchitis Emphysema whenever possible.
Will work through the statistics because 26% of the population are smokers and so one might reasonably assume that any incidence of cancer where less than 26% of sufferers are smokers may have other more prevalent causes than smoking. People always think that they know everything about everything; however, it should be known that no one is perfect in everything. There is never a limit to learning; even learning about Bronchitis Emphysema.
All in all, there were over 114,000 premature deaths in 2002 from cigarette smoking, mostly from cancer, but also from heart disease and pulmonary (lung) disease. The best way to improve ones chances of not suffering from a shortened life and succumbing to one of the diseases mentioned in this article is by quitting smoking once and for all. Benefits have been clearly documented and the sooner smokers quit, the bigger the benefits of quitting become on their life expectancy. Indeed, smokers who quit before they reach thirty, statistically negate virtually all the ill health effect of smoking and can generally expect to live as long as a non-smoking contemporary. The best way of gaining knowledge about Bronchitis Emphysema is by reading as much about it as possible. This can be best done through the Internet.
- Emphysema is the destruction of the lung leading to loss of surface area, alveoli (air sacks in the lungs) and the loss of elasticity.
- Chronic bronchitis manifests itself through swollen bronchii and over production of mucus within the lung.
- It is characterised by daily coughing, bringing up sputum.
- Both emphysema and bronchitis lead to slow, debilitating and frustrating deaths for their victims.
Firstly, we will deal with the cancer dean college get underway with the 33,600 deaths from lung cancer. 84% of these deaths were in smokers. This means that the average 26% of the smoking population yielded more than three times the proportion of deaths ' a clear link. Coordinating matter regarding to Chronic Bronchitis Emphysema took a lot of time. However, with the progress of time, we not only gathered more matter, we also learnt more about Chronic Bronchitis Emphysema.
Some sources suggest that pneumonia is more likely to kill in smokers but only 17% of the 36,000 fatal pneumonia cases were found in smokers suggesting this is not the case. Never be reluctant to admit that you don't know. There is no one who knows everything. So if you don't know much about Chronic Bronchitis, all that has to be done is to read up on it!
Bronchitis symptoms will most commonly begin to be manifest following a bout of the flu or the common cold. The body cannot manage to heal itself fully, and symptoms such as heavy coughing will begin to be manifest, this coughing could be dry, or phlegmy. The cough produced by bronchitis can potentially last for several weeks, also bringing with it the possibility of pain in the chest and abdomen, as well as difficulty breathing bronchitis the point of wheezing.
- Advil, Tylenol, and aspirin are three of the most often used medications to treat bronchitis symptoms.
- However, aspirin is not advised for anyone eighteen years old or younger.
- A complication known as Reye's Syndrome can occur which could be fatal.
- Drinking a lot of liquids can help to avoid the dehydration normally associated with fever.
- It can also relieve an irritated throat from constant coughing.
- Another treatment for the cough is over the counter cough suppressants.
You have been suffering with bronchitis symptoms for longer than two weeks or have had a fever for even just a couple of days, you may need to call your physician's office for an appointment. You need to rule out pneumonia. Also, if you start coughing up blood or have phlegm with a rusty tint, you need to be checked immediately. If a virus has caused the bronchitis, your physician will not be able to do much to treat the bronchitis. The doctor can treat you with medications for relief of the symptoms associated with bronchitis. However, only time and rest will help the bronchitis, itself. At any cost, do not accept a prescription for antibiotics. They may affect your immune system's ability to attack the disease and eradicate it. Also, they will not ways to cure bronchitis. Nothing abusive about Bronchitis Doctor have been intentionally added here. Whatever it is that we have added, is all informative and productive to you.
What Does COPD Mean?COPD stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. It encompasses two types of disease processes namely chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Quite often, people who suffer from COPD show a combination of features of both disease processes. In lay person's term, COPD means persistent cough disease with features of airway narrowing. To be more specific, bronchitis means inflammation of the bronchi or the larger airways of the lungs whereas emphysema means destruction to the smaller airways and alveoli or airsacs of the lungs. Thus COPD is commonly used to describe chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both.
How Does Smoking Cause COPD?Smoking inadvertently damages the lining of the airways. As with any other part of the body in response to injury, inflammation occurs. Inflammation stimulates the damaged lining to secrete mucus in an abnormal amount and also causes the airway to constrict (narrow). It is the normal style of writers to add additional information with the intention of lengthening the length of an article. However, we have provided a short and concise article with only required information on Chronic Bronchitis Emphysema.
COPD a Common Condition?It is one of the commonest conditions that require hospital admission during period of flare-ups. According to one epidemiology study in the US, approximately eight million people have chronic bronchitis whereas 2 million people have emphysema. As we can see, chronic bronchitis is more common than emphysema.
What are the Treatments of COPD?First of all. Stop smoking. This cannot be stressed enough. Smoking cessation is the first thing you have to do if you want to get better. As the underlying mechanism of COPD is irreversible, medications are used with an aim to slow down it's progress. Drugs that are commonly used to treat COPD include short-acting bronchodilator inhalers (i.e. salbutamol), long-acting bronchodilator inhalers (i.e. tiotropium), steroid inhalers and tablets are all available drugs for treatment of COPD. Again, no treatment is more important that stop smoking. Lung transplant is the last option and should be reserved for people with severe COPD. We have not actually resorted to roundabout means of getting our message on Chronic Bronchitis through to you. All the matter here is genuine and to the point.
What are the Symptoms of COPD?The two main symptoms are cough and breathlessness. COPD sufferers commonly complain about breathlessness and cough that develop gradually over a long period of time. The cough that COPD sufferer gets are usually productive which means they commonly cough up phlegm. The cough usually comes and goes initially but tends to become persistent as time passes. Breathlessness is usually intermittent and only occurs with exertion in the beginning, however if you continue to smoke, the breathlessness persists even when you are at rest, this can be quite distressing! Other symptoms are chronic sputum production, where you constantly cough up phlegm all day and recurrent chest infection. People with COPD are more prone to chest infection for obvious reasons, as the lining in the lung looses its normal defense mechanism against intruding bugs. We were rather indecisive on where to stop in our writings of Bronchitis Common. We just went on writing and writing to give a long article.
What Tests are Needed to Diagnose COPD?Albright college spirometry is often performed to diagnose COPD. Bronchodilators (drugs that cause the airway to dilate) are usually added to confirm the diagnosis. If the test result does not show improvement with bronchodilators, then COPD is very likely.
COPD Sounds Like Asthma, are They Any Different?Yes. Both COPD and asthma cause similar symptoms, however, they are different in certain ways. COPD causes permanent damage to the airways. The obstruction is 'fixed', hence it is irreversible in general terms. However, airway narrowing in asthma is intermittent and reverses quite easily with medication. Having said that, both COPD and asthma is common, people who suffer COPD can have an asthmatic component and vice versa. The value of this composition is achieved if after reading it, your knowledge on Bronchitis is greatly influenced. This is how we find out that the meaning of Bronchitis has really entered you!
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